Anxiety is one of the main symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder and phobia-related disorders. A phobia is an intense fear associated with specific objects or experiences, including flying, coming into contact with spiders or having blood drawn with a needle. Anxiety needs to be treated because it can interfere with work, school and social activities.
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes significant mood swings. A person with bipolar disorder typically has periods of euphoria or excitement (mania) followed by periods of intense depression. During a manic episode, the person may experience racing thoughts and display more energy than normal. Mania is also associated with impulsive behavior, such as spending large sums of money or engaging in risky sexual behavior. Depressive episodes typically cause sleep problems, mood changes, fatigue, restlessness and other symptoms of depression.
Borderline personality disorder
Borderline personality disorder is a mental illness that causes the sufferer to have sudden mood swings or develop a distorted self-image. It’s also common for someone with BPD to take an “all-or-nothing” approach to relationships. Common signs and symptoms of BPD include impulsive behaviors, unstable relationships, intense moods that change suddenly, anger problems and difficulty trusting others.
People with eating disorders have harmful thoughts about food and their bodies. The symptoms depend on whether the person has anorexia nervosa, binge-eating disorder or bulimia nervosa. Anorexia is characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight, while bulimia nervosa is characterized by a cycle of binging and purging. People with binge-eating disorder can’t control their eating habits, causing them to consume large quantities of food
Major depressive disorder
Major depressive disorder is a mental illness that interferes with many activities, including sleeping, going to work and performing parenting duties. Symptoms may include persistent sadness, irritability, a lack of interest in normal activities, loss of appetite and difficulty concentrating. These symptoms must last for at least two weeks to qualify for a diagnosis of depression.
Mood disorders are mental health conditions that make it difficult to function. People with these disorders tend to experience moods that don’t match their circumstances. For example, someone with a mood disorder may feel sad or hopeless even when they’re excelling at work or building a new relationship with a romantic partner. Seasonal affective disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder and disruptive mood regulation disorders are all examples of mood disorders that can affect a person’s life.
Narcissistic personality disorder
Narcissistic personality disorder is more than a preoccupation with physical appearance or financial success. It’s a mental illness that causes a distorted self-image, resulting in a wide variety of symptoms. Potential symptoms of NPD include an extreme sense of self-importance, a strong sense of entitlement and a need for excessive admiration. Someone with NPD may also take advantage of other people to meet their own needs. NPD may develop due to childhood trauma, genetics or difficult relationships with parents, siblings and close friends.
OCD is a mental illness characterized by recurring thoughts and/or repeated behaviors. Recurring thoughts are known as obsessions, and they cause a high level of anxiety for OCD sufferers. One common obsession is an intense fear of germs or contamination. Repetitive behaviors are known as compulsions. These are the actions people with OCD take in response to their obsessive thoughts. Someone who’s afraid of germs may do an excessive amount of cleaning, for example. These thoughts and behaviors can interfere with daily life, so it’s important to seek treatment for OCD.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that develops after some type of trauma, such as a sexual assault or military service in an active combat zone. People also develop PTSD after living through natural disasters or experiencing the sudden death of a loved one. To be diagnosed with PTSD, a person must have a certain combination of symptoms for at least one month. Potential symptoms of PTSD include flashbacks, nightmares, difficulty sleeping and avoiding people, places and objects that serve as reminders of the traumatic event.
Not everyone who experiences trauma goes on to develop PTSD, but even someone with short-term trauma symptoms can benefit from treatment. Trauma is a natural response that occurs after a shocking event, such as a sexual assault, terrorist attack or mass shooting. Like people with chronic PTSD, people who’ve experienced trauma may have flashbacks, sudden mood changes and difficulty maintaining normal relationships with others. Trauma can also cause headaches and other physical symptoms.